Article care of hardcorebodybuilding.com
Minerals, there are two types of minerals (not
really types, but classifications), minerals and trace minerals. A
mineral is an inorganic chemical element. The classification
"mineral" is given to seven such elements that your body needs
at least 100mgs of daily. The classification "trace mineral"
is given to fourteen such elements that your body needs less than 100mgs
of daily. The minerals are calcium, chloride, magnesium, potassium,
sodium, and sulfur. The trace minerals are boron, chromium, cobalt,
copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, selenium, silicon,
tin, vanadium, and zinc. Actually, aluminum and lithium are trace
elements too, but little is known about them and why or how much we need
What vitamins and minerals do in our bodies is very important to
know. Vitamins and minerals are the reasons we function on the
cellular level. Vitamins make enzymes and hormones, the essential
parts of our living. Enzymes are compounds your body makes from
vitamins, minerals, and proteins and combinations of them. Enzymes
speed up chemical reactions in your body. One very important one is
the anti-oxidant enzyme and I will get into it in detail later.
Hormones are chemical messengers that tell your body what to do.
Hormones regulate your growth, sexual characteristics, blood
pressure, heart rate, glucose levels, and many other functions.
Vitamins and minerals have no calories and do not give you energy,
but lead to the processes that can cause energy, like oxygen
increase in the blood, more red blood cells, more protein
conversion, etc.. and must be eaten in your food for you to get
them, as well as taking supplements, which is a good idea even while
on a good nutritious diet. I don't think any of us could truly eat a
good diet every day and even if we did, some vitamins and minerals
would not be counted for or not in a sufficient amount.
The amounts of vitamins and minerals we should take is of much
controversy. The recommended daily allowances are there for the
purpose of preventing any deficiency diseases and are not enough for
many people, in fact, they are just enough for prevention. The
fact is, we should consume twice that amount of certain vitamins and
minerals, but not all of them. With water soluble vitamins, you
could safely take much larger doses than the RDA and your body will
just wash out the excess in your fluids, but fat soluble vitamins
like I said are stored, so you could actually build an over
supply and potentially cause problems.
Once you start eating properly and taking in all of your vitamins
and minerals you will be on your way to a healthier mind and body,
but this will not happen right away. After some months of a
healthy diet, you will begin to fell more energetic, happier, more
optimistic, fewer illness problems, and just a better sense of
Here is a list of safe dosages for a healthy adult.
Vitamin A: 5,000 - 25,000 IU's
Vitamins B: Thiamin 2-100 mgs
Riboflavin 50-100 mgs
Niacin 20-100 mgs
Pyridoxine 3-50 mgs
Folic acid 800 mcgs - 2 mgs
Cobalamin 500-1,000 mcgs
Pantothenic acid 4-7 mgs
Biotin 30-100 mcgs
Vitamin C: 500-2,000 mgs
Vitamin D: 400-600 IU's
Vitamin E: 200-400 IU's
Vitamin K: 160-300 mcgs
Calcium: 1,000-1,500 mgs
Copper: 1.5-3.0 mgs
Chromium: 50-200 mcgs
Iron: 15-30 mgs
Magnesium: 300-500 mgs
Manganese: 2.5-5.0 mgs
Molybdenum: 75-250 mcgs
Potassium: 2,000-3,500 mgs
Selenium: 70-200 mcgs
Zinc: 15-50 mgs
You may have noticed that some are missing, this is because the
amount is nothing to worry about, as you will easily consume it in
your diet, in fact, even if you weren?t trying.
Why you should drink your milk.
This is a "no-brainer", Calcium builds strong bones and
teeth. You may not know it, but Calcium makes up about 2% of
your total body weight. That's 2 - 3 pounds for an average
adult. 98% of it is in your bones, 1% is in your teeth, and
the last percent circulates in your bloodstream. Calcium also
regulates your heartbeat, blood pressure, blood clotting (important
for people on steroids), contracting your muscles, and sending
messages down your nerves. It also makes several different hormones
and enzymes, like the ones that control your digestive system and
how you use and make energy from fats.
There are 206 bones in the
human body, you need all of them to be strong, especially if you are
training with weights and strength. Not only this, but your
bones get weaker as you get older, after about 35 years old.
Now, if you are training, you need a lot of Calcium. If you
are training and taking steroids, you need even more Calcium.
Now, If you are training, taking steroids, and taking thyroid
medicine (Synthroid for instance), you need even more Calcium.
You see, steroids and thyroid meds rob your body of Calcium.
Alcohol will also do this, so you need to really watch your intake
of vitamins and minerals, alcohol will rob you of most every vitamin
and mineral in fact.
The daily intake should be
around 1,000 mgs. I myself, drink 3 - 4 gallons of milk per
week, I am quite sure I am getting my RDI, but if you do not like
milk or cannot drink it (can't imagine that!!!), then you need to
get it elsewhere. If you like yogurt, it has more Calcium than
milk does, so make that smoothie every morning for breakfast.
I am only going to give you 12
foods to get calcium from since it is found in many foods. All
of these servings have 100mgs or more
|CALCIUM IN FOOD
||CALCIUM IN MGS
|Yogurt, plain low fat
|Swiss Cheese, processed
|Ricotta Cheese, part skim
|Pudding, instant choc.
|Salmon, with bones
This little mineral works with
calcium in keeping your bones strong. It also helps keep your
blood pressure down by making your muscles relax, thus relaxing your
heart and keeping the beat at the right pace. It has also been
noted to make a difference in people with migraines, asthma, and
diabetes. Other vitamins work better when you have plenty of
Magnesium; Calcium and Vitamin C for instance do their jobs
better with it. Magnesium and Calcium both are absorbed in
your bones and teeth, but like Calcium, some Magnesium is left to
circulate in your blood. This amount of Calcium and Magnesium
in your blood is very important. As I said, calcium makes your
muscles "contract", Magnesium makes them "relax"
again, this signal comes from your blood, otherwise, if that is
insufficient, your body will take it from your bones as needed, thus
weakening them. This is also why it is very important to have
plenty of the other vitamins that promote good blood cells and
oxygen in your blood, as it carries these vital substances where
they need to go more efficiently.
The amount of Magnesium you
should take in per day is around 400mgs - 600mgs. The DRI says
400mg, but the extra will help to keep your BP down among other
things. Remember, when you are working out, your metabolism is
higher and you are burning, converting, and processing a lot more
and faster, so you need more.
|Milk, low fat
If you take too much, you will
only get diarrhea, nothing bad. Magnesium is an ingredient in
laxatives and also in antacids.
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essential for making the hormones that control growth and for the
important male hormone testosterone.
Zinc is very important for your
immune system. In fact, if you have a bad cold, taking extra zinc
could get you back on your feet several days sooner. Zinc also helps
you heal quickly from wounds, keeps your skin healthy, helps
preserve your eyesight, and might even improve your memory. It's no
surprise that today many doctors and nutritionists tell their
patients to "think zinc!"
Over 200 different enzymes in your body depend on zinc to work
properly. Here's just one example: You need zinc to make the enzyme
alcohol dehydrogenase, which breaks down alcohol. If you're
deficient in zinc, your body can't process alcohol and you get very
drunk on just a small amount. You also need zinc to make many
hormones, including the ones that tell your immune system what to do
when you're under attack from germs. Zinc is essential for making
the hormones that control growth and for the important male hormone
testosterone. You have some zinc in every one of your body's cells,
but most of it is in your skin, hair, nails, and eyes-and in your
prostate gland if you're male. All told, your body contains just
over 2.2 grams of zinc.
The RDA for Zinc; Even though you use zinc in many important body
processes, you don't need to eat much of it. Technically speaking,
zinc is a trace element, a mineral you need in only very small
amounts. The adult RDA for zinc is 15 mg a day or less, an amount
that most everybody easily gets from food. The first hint that zinc
is an important nutrient came almost a century ago in Egypt, when
doctors noticed that poor young boys who ate almost nothing but
unleavened bread (bread without yeast, it was originally stated to
eat "unleavened" bread in the time when Moses led the
Israelites out of Egypt. They were to eat unleavened bread for
7 days during which time the Passover took place. No longer
necessary since the birth of Jesus Christ. Book of Exodus)
were very short and underdeveloped. It turned out that their diet
had very little zinc. Once they got more zinc in their diet, they
started growing normally again.
In our modern society, such a serious zinc deficiency is very rare.
A slight deficiency in zinc isn't that uncommon. Surveys show that
many women get only about half the RDA. You might be on the low side
for zinc if: - You're a strict vegetarian or vegan. Animal foods
such as fish and meat are the the best dietary sources of zinc.
Fruits have virtually none. Children who don't eat animal foods are
more at risk for zinc deficiency. - You eat a very high-fiber diet.
The fiber, especially fiber from whole grains, binds up the zinc in
your diet and keeps you from absorbing it. - You're pregnant or
breastfeeding. You're passing a lot of your zinc on to your baby. If
your diet is on the low side for zinc to begin with, you might be
deficient. Talk to your doctor about supplements. -You're over age
50. Your ability to absorb zinc from your food drops as you get
older. - You abuse alcohol. Alcohol abusers don't eat very well in
general. Even moderate amounts of alcohol flush out the zinc stored
in your liver and make you excrete the
zinc stored in your liver.
Zinc deficiency has a number of symptoms: slowed growth in children,
slow wound healing, frequent infections, skin irritations, hair
loss, and loss of your sense of taste. Generally speaking, you don't
have to worry much about being deficient in this mineral. Anyone who
eats a reasonably- well-balanced diet will get plenty of zinc.
The best food source of zinc by far is oysters. There are about 12
mg in a single raw oyster. Other foods that are good sources of zinc
are lean meat, poultry, and organ meats. You only absorb about ten
percent of the zinc you get from animal foods, and you absorb even
less from the zinc in plant foods. There's a fair amount of zinc in
beans, nuts, seeds, whole grains, but your body can't use it very
well. That's because these foods also have a lot of fiber. A
substance called phytic acid in the fiber combines with zinc and
keeps a lot of it from being absorbed.
If you're over the age of 40, your thymus may have naturally shrunk
quite a bit, so it's not producing the hormones it used to-and those
hormones stimulate your body to produce infection-fighting blood
cells. Getting a little extra zinc-just 15 to 30 mg-every day may
get your thymus moving again. That means your immune system will
work better and fight off illness faster.
Are the guys just kidding around when they tell you to eat oysters
for a better sex life? Believe it or not, they're right. Oysters are
by far the food highest in zinc-and you need plenty of zinc to make testosterone
and other male hormones. You also need zinc to make healthy
sperm and semen, so getting more zinc in your diet could help solve
male infertility. In one study, men with low sperm counts took zinc
supplements for six weeks. Their testosterone levels and sperm
counts went up, and nearly half of them had pregnant wives before
the study was over.
Zinc can also be very helpful for treating and possibly even
preventing prostate problems. Your prostate gland is a small organ
that wraps around the urethra at the neck of the bladder. As you get
older, your prostate often naturally gets bigger, a condition called
benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH).
The enlarged gland squeezes the urethra and causes a need to go
frequently (and also other urination problems). Sometimes the
problems get so bad that medication or even surgery is needed.
Finally, guys, despite rumors
to the contrary, zinc doesn't
stop balding or restore lost hair.
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Potassium, Sodium, and
Chloride. These do many things, but most of all, they control
your blood pressure. Too much sodium and too little Potassium
and you could get an unhealthy high blood pressure level. On
the same note, too much Potassium and too little Sodium and your
levels could go way too low. Sodium, Potassium, and chloride
are Electrolytes. Electrolytes are minerals that dissolve in
water and are electrically charged. Remember, our bodies are
about 95% water, so that means these Electrolytes travel or conduct
throughout your entire body, in the cells, in the spaces between the
cells, your blood, lymph, and everywhere. Potassium and Sodium
particles have a positive charge and Chloride particles are
negatively charged. These carry nutrients in and waste and
excess water out of your cells.
All of these Electrolytes
maintain a balance of water in your body, carry messages along your
nerves, help your muscles contract and relax, and keep your PH
levels under control. Most of all, they are important in
controlling your blood pressure.
The daily intake (there is no
RDA for them) is about 2,000mgs of Potassium, 500mgs of Sodium, and
750mgs of Chloride. These Electrolytes work together, keeping your
water level what it should be (in your cells, blood, etc..).
For example, women, during their menstrual period get extra hormone
levels and thus get bloated and hold extra water. People on
steroids are getting extra high hormone levels and do the same.
To remedy this, they take diuretics and herbs like buchu and uva
ursi. Doing this makes you excrete water in your urine to
reduce the amount in your body, but the Electrolyte loss is directly
proportionate. Some diuretics are Dyrenium and Lasix.
Dyrenium will not effect your Potassium levels, but Lasix will.
Remember, too little Potassium and your blood pressure could go up
and if you are taking steroids, your BP may already be high.
So, if you take Lasix (it is one of the most common diuretics taken
by steroid users), then you should eat foods that are Potassium
Potassium is found in almost
everything you eat. Here is a chart:
You should not need to take
Potassium supplements unless your doctor has said to do so.
Sodium is a touchy subject,
take it, don't take it, blah, blah, blah. The claim is that
sodium will raise your BP too high, but remember, there is a balance
between sodium and Potassium. So if you are eating a lot of
Sodium in your food and not enough Potassium, that just might
happen. We probably do eat too much salt, there is enough in
food naturally to give us all we need, but we add it to everything
we eat. The balance we should maintain is thus; five or six
parts Potassium to one part Sodium. Our normal diet is
probably around 1:2 right now. This tells us we eat too much
Sodium. Keeping a good balance of Electrolytes will give you a
healthier life, heart, and less stress and tension.
Neither trulyhuge.com nor the authors of this publication
assume any liability for the information contained herein.
The Information contained herein reflects only the opinion
of the author and is in no way to be considered medical advice.
Specific medical advice should be obtained from a licensed
health care practitioner. Consult your physician before you
begin any nutrition, exercise, or dietary supplement program.